HAVANA, Nov. 22nd. The general secretary of the Federation of Cuban Women (FMC), Teresa Amarelle Boué, assured in a press conference that “a greater number of femicides” was evident on the island during the first half of 2023.
In addition, the director added that complaints from women victims of violence also increased and called for “continuing to work to prevent the occurrence of events as devastating for a society as these.”
Yamila Peña Ferrer, vice president of the National Union of Jurists of Cuba, also participated in the meeting with the state press, who considered that although there are more complaints, this “does not have to be exactly because there are more cases of violence, that is not the case.” can say.”
On the matter, Peña expanded that the increase in numbers shows that women feel more supported and safe to report, issues that she thanked “for the construction of a regulatory framework, from the legal and institutional, that protects women, in addition to the action protocols signed to the different instances.”
What is striking in Amarelle Boué’s statements is the reference to the term “femicide” instead of “feminicide”, the latter being the most used by the international community in the face of this type of event.
The distinction made by Cuban government authorities refers to a term homologous to “homicide,” which would only define the murder of women. On the other hand, feminicide would include “the variable of impunity that is usually behind these crimes; impunity that is configured through inaction or lack of state protection against violence against women,” as defined by academics from the San Francisco University of Quito.
During the conference, data from the Observatory on Gender Equality of the Cuban state was presented, which indicates that in 2022, 16 cases of intentional homicide of women by their partner or former intimate partner were registered, a figure that translates into a rate of 0 .35 per 100,000 women over 18 years of age.
Contrasting with these statistics are the data offered by independent organizations such as the Gender Observatory of the feminist magazine Alas Tensas and the Yo Sí Te Creo platform in Cuba. Both point out that last year at least 34 femicides occurred on the island.
Through a report, Alas Tensas highlighted that the largest number of these types of violent events in 2022 occurred in Havana, with eight female deaths, while five were reported in both Matanzas and Camagüey.
Two of the 34 deaths were classified as vicarious femicides, described by specialists as the murder of a woman or one of her oldest children by a man as an instrument to cause harm or harm to another woman.
Until the end of May, these organizations had reported that the number of femicides reached 30. Until this month of November 2023, the number has risen, reaching a total of 76 femicides in Cuba.