Femicide kills two other women in Cuba and there are already 62 femicides in 2023

Díaz-Canel avoids using the term "femicide"

HAVANA, Oct. 6th. The Gender Observatory (OGAT) of the Cuban feminist magazine Alas Tensas raised the number of verified femicides in Cuba so far this year to 62 after its activists confirmed the murder of a woman in Holguín and another in Matanzas.

“We regret the femicide of Nectaly Aguirre Leyva, 30 years old, which occurred between September 27 and 29, in the San Rafael neighborhood, in the city of Holguín,” said the Observatory.

He also explained that “due to the disappearance and extreme violence that the young woman unjustly suffered,” her case qualifies as femicide, but there is a lack of information to define “the specific typology.”

“We also regret the femicide of Olaida Casanova González, at the hands of her partner, on September 21, in the Humberto Álvarez neighborhood of Cárdenas, Matanzas,” OGAT added in its publication this Thursday.

The activists of the feminist group sent their condolences to the four minor daughters who survived Nectaly Aguirre Leyva, as well as to the families of both women and other close people. “These facts were published by the media, citizens and activists, and verified by the joint effort of OGAT and YSTCC (Yo Si Te Creo en Cuba),” they noted.

The under-registration carried out by both observatories includes to date, in addition to the 62 femicides, five “attempts of femicide”, two murders “for reasons of gender” and five cases “that need access to police investigation”: Yailén Bodaños Morales (Matanzas ), Miriam Insern Mompié (Manzanillo), Flavia Herrera Rodríguez (Havana), Elba Yipsi Pérez Álvarez (Santiago de Cuba) and Yaidelin Figueredo, Negrita (Granma).

The OGAT said that they are currently working on three “alerts” of femicides in Manzanillo, Bauta and Guáimaro.

Femicide kills two other women in Cuba and there are already 62 femicides in 2023

Nectaly Aguirre Leyva. N. A. LEYVA/FACEBOOK

At the beginning of September, the OGAT confirmed the verified femicide of the 21-year-old Yenifer González Jiménez, which occurred on Monday, September 4, in the middle of a public street at the hands of her ex-partner and father of her two-year-old daughter.

This crime was recorded as number 59 in Cuba “due to sexist violence,” according to the Observatory on its social networks.

The Federation of Cuban Women, which responds to the Communist Party of Cuba, presented in early June the Cuban Observatory on Gender Equality with statistics of “women who have been victims of intentional homicide as a consequence of gender violence in the last 12 months”.

For its part, the Supreme People’s Court reported in May that in 2022 it handed down 18 convictions for femicides, all under the charge of murder (in Cuba femicide is not classified as a crime). The defendants were sentenced to more than 25 years in prison.

Miguel Díaz-Canel said in the National Assembly last July that any criminal act is “exaggerated, fundamentally cases involving violence and, in particular, those of gender violence” that occurred in Cuba due to a “manifest imperial effort to create a climate of insecurity and mistrust” on the Island.

Both OGAT and Yo Si Te Creo have reiterated on multiple occasions their calls for a “state of emergency due to gender violence” to be declared in Cuba, and they regret that the regime has not taken measures on the issue. They also demand a comprehensive law against gender violence.

The number of women murdered as a result of sexist violence on the Island in the first half of this year alone exceeded the number of deaths caused by this violence throughout 2022 in Spain.