HAVANA, Jul 26 Cuba maintained a trend this week to register maximum temperature records for this month of up to 39 degrees Celsius and according to the forecast of the Institute of Meteorology (Insmet) this Sunday, in the coming days the thermometers will continue with raised marks.
Only on Monday, 38 of the 68 weather stations on the island reported temperatures above 34 degrees, including the towns of Colón, in the province of Matanzas (west) with 37.2 degrees, Bainoa (Mayabeque) with 36.5 and Casablanca. , in Havana, rose to 36 degrees.
The day before, the record was broken by the station in the eastern province of Granma with 39 degrees, Insmet said.
He also recalled that so far the maximum temperature (39.7 degrees) was recorded on the island on July 14, 2020, in Veguitas, in Holguín (northeast).
Saharan heat and dust
The presence of a cloud of dust from the Sahara passing over the Caribbean country prompted a warning about rising temperatures. In addition to the following recommendations from the health authorities:
wear a mask and fresh clothes
drink plenty of fluids
other protection measures
According to studies by the Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment (Citma), the projections for the Caribbean country in the face of the effects of global warming foresee that the increase in the average annual temperature will be above one degree Celsius in 2030 and will be 3.5 degrees in 2070, taking as reference the period 1961-1990.
These estimates are above the 1.5 established by the international community to combat the climate crisis, an increase set in the Paris Agreement as a limit to avoid the most catastrophic consequences of climate change. Similarly, rainfall would suffer a reduction of close to 10%, considering the historical average.
The year 2022 was already classified as the third hottest recorded in Cuba in seven decades, with 0.88 degrees Celsius above the average, according to a report prepared by scientists from the Insmet and the Institute of Marine Sciences, cited last Monday by official media.
He also noted that the years from 2019 to 2022 were the warmest since 1951.
He also remarked that the relative annual mean level of the sea reached the highest value in its entire history, rising to 30.85 centimeters.
Specifically, the report warns that this sustained and widespread increase in temperatures, as well as the rise in sea level, is giving rise to increasing pressures on coastal ecosystems and causing significant damage and losses to the Cuban economy.