HAVANA, Dec. 19th (EFE) A survey conducted in Cuba through an application for mobile phones found that 47% of respondents do not agree with the single-party system and 45.1% do not accept the irrevocable nature of socialism as an economic system , social and political, said the authors today.
The results of the survey show that a significant number of respondents are in favor of greater political and economic pluralism in Cuba.
CubaData, whose application has 250,000 users on the island, decided to probe Cubans about the constitutional reform project that will be submitted to public consultation on February 24, as explained today to Efe Salvi Pascual, founder of the digital platform Apretaste! who is a partner in the project.
The idea was to do the survey in parallel to the public consultation process that the regime carried out on the constitutional reform project in order to include citizens’ proposals in the final text.
CubaData used the same terms and formulations used by the Government in its reform proposal for its survey, which was sent to the users of the application to respond between last November 12 and 19.
There were 1,612 people, 65% men and 35% women, who answered “based on individual and verifiable profiles” on the platform, CubaData said in the analysis of the results.
The largest number of responses (36.4% of total) came from Havana, 50.8% of respondents said they were university students and 29% had technical studies, and, by age, 45.7% had 22 to 35 years and 36.1% from 36 to 55 years.
45.5% of those who responded to the survey said they had not participated in the public consultation process opened by the government before the reform referendum and 26.8% said they had the opportunity to express their opinions or recommendations.
Regarding the single party model, 47% said that it does not guarantee political freedom, 14.6% think that it only partially guarantees it, 15.7% believe that it can be guaranteed and 21.9% do not know how to respond to this question.
In general terms, 42% of respondents disagree with the concentration of power.
To the question “Do you consider it important to recognize the right to political participation?” In the reformed Constitution, 70% answered affirmatively, the same percentage as those who believe that it should be added to the reasons why a Cuban can not to be discriminated against those of “conscience, thought, expression and age”.
The irrevocable character of socialism as an economic, social and political system, recognized in article 3 of the new constitutional text, is not accepted by 45.1% of the respondents.
One third do not know how to position themselves, while 25.9% agree to maintain that character.
On the fact that the main form of property is the socialist, 25.7% strongly disagree, 14% disagree and 18.7% strongly agree and 24.8% agree.
To the question “how much do you agree with that there is no concentration of property in natural persons or non-state legal entities?”, 10.8% agree or strongly agree, and 48.7% agree otherwise. The rest do not know what to answer.
52.1% are against the socialist state company being the main subject of the national economy over cooperatives, joint ventures and private companies, compared to 25.3% who are in favor.
72.7% defend that Cubans residing abroad enjoy the same rights as those who reside permanently in Cuba.
About equal marriage, which is recognized in the proposed constitutional reform, 52.9% are in favor of the union between people of the same sex (52.9%) and 35.2% reject it.