HAVANA, January 9. The stifling heat of last summer announced it, and specialists have just confirmed it: the recently ended 2023 was the warmest year recorded in Cuba.This was announced by specialists from the Climate Center of the Institute of Meteorology (Insmet) of Cuba, who explain that this was due to the combined effects of global warming and the phenomenon known as El Niño.
During 2023 there were a total of 91 maximum temperature records in the country, while the average temperature was 1.38 °C higher than the historical average, according to specialist Idelmis González García.
In an interview for the state newspaper Granma, the meteorologist explained that these temperatures were partly caused by the strong influence of El Niño, an atmospheric phenomenon that occurs every few years caused by the gradual warming of the eastern and central Pacific Ocean.
Since June, the intense heat hit practically the entire Cuban territory, to the point of becoming a recurring topic on social networks, and the hottest stage was yet to come: the months of July and August.
Among the maximums reached in 2023, July stands out, which became the warmest month recorded since 1951. In addition, the nights of July, August and November were the highest temperatures in history for those times of the year on the island.
The average temperature in July was 29.1 °C and for the first time, the thermometers on the island moved to 39 degrees. This added to the well-known humidity and other atmospheric characteristics of the country, brought the thermal sensation to very high values.
Scientific records from 1951 to date indicate that average temperatures in Cuba have increased by one degree Celsius and the upward trend is expected to continue.
In the middle of last year, an anticyclonic system and the presence of an extremely dry and stable air mass coming from the Sahara also influenced Cuba, which caused a wave of high temperatures during July.
As Insmet specialists explained at that time, in the second week of July 2023 the thermal sensation was between 37 and 40° throughout the country and even reached 50 in inland areas and the eastern region.